Trans-Resveratrol Supplementation and Endothelial Function during the Fasting and Postprandial Phase

Nutrients. 2017 Jun 12;9(6). pii: E596. doi: 10.3390/nu9060596.

Trans-Resveratrol Supplementation and Endothelial Function during the Fasting and Postprandial Phase: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial in Overweight and Slightly Obese Participants.

Made SMV1,2, Plat J3, Mensink RP4,5.

Author information

1
Department of Human Biology, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. sanne.vandermade@maastrichtuniversity.nl.
2
Top Institute Food and Nutrition (TIFN), 6700 AN Wageningen, The Netherlands. sanne.vandermade@maastrichtuniversity.nl.
3
Department of Human Biology, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. j.plat@maastrichtuniversity.nl.
4
Department of Human Biology, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. r.mensink@maastrichtuniversity.nl.
5
Top Institute Food and Nutrition (TIFN), 6700 AN Wageningen, The Netherlands. r.mensink@maastrichtuniversity.nl.

Abstract

Studies on the effects of the long-term intake of trans-resveratrol on vascular function are conflicting. In addition, postprandial effects of long-term trans-resveratrol intake on endothelial function are not known. We therefore supplemented 45 overweight and slightly obese volunteers (25 men and 20 women) with a mean (±SD) age of 61 ± 7 years and body mass index of 28.3 ± 3.2 kg/m² in random order trans-resveratrol (2 × 75 mg/day) or placebo capsules for 4 weeks, separated by a washout period of at least 4 weeks. At the end of each intervention period, brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) was measured before and after meal consumption. Plasma biomarkers for endothelial function, inflammation, and glucose and lipid metabolism were also determined. Compared with the placebo, trans-resveratrol did not affect fasting FMD (2.9 ± 1.4% vs. 3.0 ± 1.9%; p = 0.69). After the postprandial test, changes in FMD (-0.7 ± 2.3% vs. 0.2 ± 2.6%; p = 0.13) were also not significantly different. Postprandial changes in biomarkers were also comparable. In conclusion, for overweight and slightly obese volunteers, a daily intake of 150 mg of trans-resveratrol for 4 weeks does not change plasma biomarkers of endothelial function or inflammation in the fasting state or postprandial phase.

KEYWORDS:FLOW-MEDIATED VASODILATION; HUMANS; POSTPRANDIAL; TRANS-RESVERATROL; VASCULAR FUNCTION 

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