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Guidelines for Endothelial Testing

VENDYS Publications

DTM Clinical Papers:

  • The association of nadir CD4-T cell count and endothelial dysfunction in a healthy HIV cohort without major cardiovascular risk factors. LINK
  • AHA 2019 -Endothelial Dysfunction In Us Outpatient Clinics As A Potential Indicator Of Residual Risk, Data From 7,105 Patient Registry  PDF
  • Discordance Between Blood Pressure and Endothelial Function Measurements; is it Time to Look Beyond Blood Pressure for Early Detection of CVD Risk  PDF
  • Discovery of Neurovascular Reactivity During a Standard 5-minute Arm-cuff Reactive Hyperemia – Data From 7105 Patient Registry  PDF
  • Distribution of Microvascular Endothelial Function in Different Clinical and Non-Clinical Settings in the United States and China  PDF
  • Retinal and peripheral vascular function in healthy individuals with low cardiovascular risk  LINK
  • Serum Adipocyte Fatty Acid-Binding Protein Level is Negatively Associated with Vascular Reactivity Index Measured by Digital Thermal Monitoring in Kidney Transplant Patients.  LINK
  • Vascular Reactivity Analysis in Patients with Continuous Flow Left Ventricular Assist Devices (CF-LVADs) – The Role of Endothelial Function in Continuous Flow Physiology  PDF
  • Body Mass Index Is Associated With Microvascular Endothelial Dysfunction in Patients With Treated Metabolic Risk Factors and Suspected Coronary Artery Disease  PDF
  • Effect of Tai Chi on Vascular Function among Patients with Peripheral Neuropathy  PDF
  • New Indices of Endothelial Function Measured by Digital Thermal Monitoring of Vascular Reactivity: Data from 6084 Patients Registry  (2016)  PDF    VENDYS Registry Data
  • Association of coronary artery calcium score and vascular dysfunction in long-term hemodialysis patients. Hemodialysis International, International Society for Hemodialysis (2013). PDF
  • Beneficial effects of aged garlic extract and coenzyme Q10 on vascular elasticity and endothelial function: The FAITH randomized clinical trial Nutrition / Elsevier (2013). PDF
  • Evaluation of Digital Thermal Monitoring as a Tool to Assess Perioperative Vascular Reactivity J Atheroscler Thromb (2013). PDF
  • A Novel Technique for the Assessment of Preoperative Cardiovascular Risk: Reactive Hyperemic Response to Short-Term Exercise BioMed Research International (2013). PDF
  • Fingertip Digital Thermal Monitoring: A Fingerprint for Cardiovascular Disease? Int J Cardiovasc Imaging (2010). PDF
  • Aged garlic extract supplemented with B vitamins, folic acid and L-arginine retards the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis: A randomized clinical trial. Preventive Medicine (2009). PDF
  • Low fingertip temperature rebound measured by digital thermal monitoring strongly correlates with the presence and extent of coronary artery disease diagnosed by 64-slice multi-detector computed tomography. Int. J Cardiovasc Imaging (2009). PDF Accompanying Editorial: Digital thermal monitoring of vascular function: a novel tool to improve cardiovascular risk assessment. Vascular Medicine (2009). PDF
  • Concomitant insulin resistance and impaired vascular function is associated with increased coronary artery calcification. Int. Journal of Cardiology (2009). PDF
  • Vascular dysfunction measured by fingertip thermal monitoring is associated with the extent of myocardial perfusion defect. JNC (2009). PDF
  • Vascular function measured by fingertip thermal reactivity is impaired in patients with metabolic syndrome and diabetes. J Clin Hypertens (2009). PDF
  • Relations between digital thermal monitoring of vascular function, the Framingham risk score, and coronary artery calcium score. JCCT (2008). PDFAccompanying Editorial: Anatomy, physiology, or epidemiology: Which is the best target for assessing vascular health? JCCT (2008). Abstract


  • Flow mediated change of finger tip temperature in patients with high cardiovascular risk. Cardiologia Hungarica (2005). PDF English summary PDF Graphical Data
  • Post-Exercise Reactive Hyperemia: A Novel Preoperative Risk Assessment Tool Poster Abstract
  • Digital Thermal Monitoring: Non-Invasive Assessment of Perioperative Microvascular Function Poster Abstract

DTM Technical Papers:

  • Reproducibility and variability of digital thermal monitoring of vascular reactivity. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging (2011). PDF
  • Use of temperature alterations to characterize vascular reactivity. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging (2011). PDF
  • Sensitivity of Digital Thermal Monitoring Parameters to Reactive Hyperemia. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, ASME (2010). PDF
  • Digital Thermal Monitoring (DTM) of Vascular Reactivity Closely Correlates with Doppler Flow Velocity. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc (2009). PDF
  • Lumped parameter thermal model for the study of vascular reactivity in the fingertip. J Biomech Eng (2008). Abstract
  • Interrelationships among noninvasive measures of postischemic macro- and microvascular reactivity J Appl Physiol (2008). PDF

Review Articles about Vascular/Endothelial Dysfunction Measurement:

  • Endothelial dysfunction over the course of coronary artery disease. Eur Heart J (2013). PDF
  • The Assessment of Endothelial Function: From Research Into Clinical Practice. Circulation (2012). PDF
  • The Endothelial Cell in Health and Disease: Its Function, Dysfunction, Measurement and Therapy. Int J Impot Res (2010). PDF
  • Endothelial function as a functional expression of cardiovascular risk factors. Biomark Med (2010). PDF