Only 10 minutes cycling using HIIT (3 times a week 6 weeks) significantly improved endothelial function in young sedentary females

Int J Health Sci (Qassim). 2020 Jan-Feb;14(1):3-8.
Effects of high-intensity interval training on vascular function and maximum oxygen uptake in young sedentary females.
Chidnok W1, Wadthaisong M2, Iamsongkham P2, Mheonprayoon W2, Wirajalarbha W2, Thitiwuthikiat P2, Siriwittayawan D2, Vachirasrisirikul S3, Nuamchit T2.
1 Department of Physical Therapy, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Research Unit, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand.
2 Department of Cardiothoracic Technology, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand.
3 Department of Surgery, Buddhachinaraj Hospital, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE:
Sedentary behavior is one of the risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, and metabolic syndrome. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is one effective way to reduce the risk of cardiometabolic diseases. This research studies the effects of cycling-based HIIT on vascular function and cardiorespiratory fitness in sedentary people.
METHODS:
Twenty-two female participants were separated into two groups, including HIIT group who receive intervention and control group who did not receive the intervention. Each of the participants was interviewed to collect and record their medical history, and medical parameters including cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), flow-mediated dilation (FMD), and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) were measured as a baseline pre-test. The intervention was a cycling-based HIIT lasting 6 weeks, with three sessions per week. During each session, the participant completed a set protocol consisting of 1 min on a cycle ergometer, cycling at 80-85% maximal heart rate, followed by a 1-min rest period. This sequence was repeated for a total of 5 times.
RESULTS:
After 6 weeks of intervention, results showed that the HIIT group had significant improvements in CAVI (6.39 ± 0.76 vs. 5.91 ± 0.58), FMD (9.26 ± 6.5 vs. 14.01 ± 4.3%), and VO2max (20.10 ± 4.31 vs. 24.34 ± 5.71 ml/kg/min) values compared to the pre-test (P < 0.05). In addition, HIIT increased endothelial function as measured by FMD compared to the control group (14.01 ± 4.3 vs. 9.15 ± 4.16 %, P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION:
Six weeks of HIIT were found to improve vascular function and cardiorespiratory fitness in sedentary people and demonstrated the benefits of HIIT as a time-efficient exercise strategy.
Copyright: © International Journal of Health Sciences.
Scientific Updates Sponsored by Endothelix Inc. View Archives of Scientific Updates

LATEST SCIENTIFIC UPDATES